The Martian State, was a planetary state on Mars.
The Martian State had been a puppet regime of the Earth Defense Council and it forces prior to the Second Martian Revolution. The Martian State in this period was heavily influenced by Earth based corporations that exploited Mars and it's people for resources. The Martian State had claimed that it was working for Mars and it's people but this was just a front to legitimize their exploitation of the planet.
Following the Red Faction-Marauder victory, the Martian State devolved and was replaced by the two new fledgling powers.
The Martian Council was the official governing body of Mars until 2125, headquartered in Tharsis. Though in reality it had no power, complying with any and all orders from the EDF and the Earth Defence Council.